His relationship to Samuel, Rosalie, Gertrud and Herbert is given by Kaethe Halberstaedter’s "Borinski" notes; further information on his marriage to Gertrud and Herbert's birth is provided by JRI-Poland.
The JRI-Poland record of his marriage links him with Lublinitz and Koenigshuette, and says that on 01/01/1939 he took the name Israel. It also says that he was aged 25y when he married in 1895 so he was born 1869-70; unless he was a twin of his sister Eveline, born 23/07/1869, he must have been born in 1870.
Gertrud's death certificate, of which Max was the informant, gives his residence as Berlin in 1910.
Yad Vashem records the deportation of a Max Borinski, born 25/07/1870 in Lublinitz, from Berlin to Theresienstadt concentration camp on 13/08/1942, his subsequent transportation to Treblinka extermination camp on 26/09/1942 and his death in Minsk. I have tentatively concluded that this record relates to the same Max Borinski, given the common points.
Although the record of his son Herbert's birth in 1896 places him in Breslau, the 1915 Breslau address book does not mention him. His relationships to Martha and Ernest are speculative, but fit the known facts; see below.
Which Max Borinski?
Owner of A. Borinski kolonialwaren and leather merchant in Sohrau
The 1892, 1902 and 1914 Upper Silesia business directories list a Max Borinski as owner of A. Borinski kolonialwaren and leather merchant in Sohrau. It is very likely that this firm had been owned by Max's great grandfather Adolf (Josef) Borinski, since a Josef Borinski is mentioned in Geshichte der Stadt Sohrau in O-S as a Sohrau merchant trading in spice and cloth in 1840, and that the business passed to his son Adolf (Jacob) Borinski, especially as three of Adolf (Jacob) Borinski's sons, Louis, Samuel and Wilhelm went on to own kolonialwaren businesses in their own rights in Kattowitz, Koenigshuette and Zabrze. He is most likely to be Adolf (Jacob) Borinski's youngest surviving son, and this Max Borinski's uncle who lived from 1850 to 1914.
Haberdashery merchant in Kattowitz
In the 1894 Kattowitz address book the only Borinskis were Louis and a retired Marie, both on Grundmannstrasse. The 1902 and 1914 Upper Silesia business directories and the 1910 and 1914 Kattowitz address books chart the arrival and establishment of a Max Borinski, businessman, living at Johannesstrasse 8, owner of Josef Wohl's haberdashery at Johannesstrasse 4 and, by 1914, a gentleman's outfitter at Johannesstrasse 2; all three addresses share the same telephone number (1479). If this Max Borinski was in Kattowitz in late 1901 he would be a strong contender (and the only one I have found in Kattowitz at that time) to be the father of Ernst Borinski. Johannesstrasse was later named sw. Jana in Polish
An announcement on page 10 of Gazeta Urzędowa Województwa Śląskiego, 1927, R. 6, nr 10 reports the transfer of the "Maks Borinski" firm in Katowice to one Martha Borinski, businessman's wife. An advertisement on page 30 of Powstaniec, 1939, R. 13, nr 5 shows that the business at ul. św. Jana 2 and formerly known as "Maks Borinski" is now trading as Konrad Sidełko.
As an aside, although an advertisement for Max Borisnki's Josef Wohl's haberdashery business in the 1910 Kattowitz address book (page 5/69) gives an address of Johannesstrasse 4, the book's entry for this address does not mention Borinski or Wohl, but does include a Salamander shoe shop. Salamander was a national chain founded by Rudolf Moos, and as well as the brief business relationship between Rudolph Moos and Max's brother Leo Borinski, Max's brother-in-law Georg Halberstaedter also worked as a manager of Salamander shoe shops. The Kattowitz branch was still advertised at the same address in 1936.
Father of Ernst Borinski
Mississippi Dept. of Archives and History names the parents of Ernst Borinski as Max and Martha Borinski, which supports the suggestion that Ernst's parents were the owners of the Kattowitz haberdashery stores, which eventally passed to Martha. In a 1979 interview, Borinski said his parents "had at this time [his early childhood] what you might call a kind of department store of high quality". Given Gertrud's early death (in 1910), it is possible that Martha was Max's second wife; however I have not found any evidence that Max re-married after Gertrud's death.
Papers relating to Ernst Borinski place his birth in Kattowitz in 1901 and his father at Beuthen, Virshowstrasse 1 when he emigrated in 1937, by which time his mother was dead. This Max certainly fits all these details: he appears to have moved from Breslau to Kattowitz around the time that Ernst was born in Kattowitz, and his wife (in 1927) was named Martha. By 1939, he had severed his business connections in Kattowitz. Meanwhile, Ernst's father clearly did not originate in Beuthen -- the 1880 Beuthen address book does not list any Borinskis -- but he was living there by 1937. It is tempting to speculate that he retired there after ceding the Kattowitz business to Martha in 1927 and possibly after Martha's death.
So, who is he?
There is no conclusive evidence that this Max is any of those listed above; however, unless he managed to evade all the address books he must be at least one of them. For the reasons given above, I consider it unlikely that he was the owner of A. Borinski kolonialwaren and leather merchant in Sohrau. On the other hand, he does fit the known details of Ernst Borinski's father and the owner of the haberdashery store on Johannesstrasse / ul. św. Jana remarkably well.
He cannot be any of these namesakes
Leather merchant in Beuthen
The 1880 Beuthen address book does not list any Borinskis. However, the 1914 Upper Silesia business directory lists a Max Borinski as a leather merchant in Beuthen. The 1927 Beuthen address book lists only one Max Borisnki: a businessman at Hohenzollernstrasse 2 who appears under the heading of "Leather and leather goods" (part V, page 16).
The 1937 Beuthen address book lists two people named Max Borinski: a retired person at Virshowstrasse 1 whose address identifies him as Ernst Borinski's father (see above), and a businessman at Hohenzollernstrasse 3. The latter is presumably the leather trader listed at Hohenzollernstrasse 2 in previous years although neither Borinski nor the Hohenzollernstrasse address is listed under "Leather and leather goods" in the 1937 directory, suggesting that he may have retired by then. A notice in the Juedisches Gemeindeblatt fuer Oberschlesien announced the 70th birthday, on 01/10/1937, of Max Borinski, Hohenzollernstr 3. He was therefore born on 01/10/1867, which precludes him from being this Max Borinski who was born 1869-70. This is presumably the Max Borinski born 03/10/1867 who married Rosa Schott in Beuthen on 17/02/1897.
The 1936 and 1937 Kattowitz region telephone directories list Max Borinski at Beuthen, Virshowstrasse 1 (Ernst's father) but do not have an entry for another Max Borinski in Beuthen or for Hohenzollernstrasse 2 or 3. This may be further evidence that the leather business in Hohenzollernstrasse was no longer active.
Emigrant from Ratibor
Articles in Juedisches Gemeindeblatt fuer Oberschlesien mention the emigration to Palestine of Isidor Pinczower and Mr and Mrs Max Boriski of Ratibor in 1938; and, later the same year, the closure of Max Pinczower's leather goods business in Ratibor. Given his flight to safety in 1938, he cannot be this Max, who was still in Germany and subject to Nazi persecution in 1942.
Deportee from Beuthen
JewishGen provides a list of deportees from Beuthen which (on 27/05/2013) includes one Max Berinski. Enquiries of the town co-ordinator provided confirmation that the entry has been mis-transcribed: "I checked the census and the name is Borinski, born 28/06/1874 in Zabrze, resident at Humboldtstrasse 4". Zabrze's town museum's website identifies Max born in Zabrze on 28/06/1874 as a son of Elias Borinski and Rosalia geb. Faerber; however JRI-Poland records the birth of Max to these parents in Beuthen on 15/06/1874.
It is interesting that so many Borinskis were involved in the leather trade: as well as those mentioned on this page there is strong circumstantial evidence that Leo (Max's brother) took over Emil Pinner's shoe factory in 1902-1903 after several years as a leather trader in Berlin (see Rudolf Hugo Moos: Journey of Hope and Despair and the Berlin address books).
Kaethe Halberstaedter’s "Borinski" notes;
Yad Vashem name search - Borinski, Max;
1894 address book for Kattowitz;
1910 address book for Kattowitz;
1914 address book for Kattowitz;
1902 business address book for Upper Silesia;
1914 business address book for Upper Silesia;
archive.org - Juedisches Gemeindeblatt fuer Oberschlesien: 1937 Nr 19, page 6 (pdf page 47) - 70th birthday, 1938 Nr 7 page 7 (pdf page 96) and 1938 Nr 13 page 2 (pdf page 118) - emigration to Palestine, 1938 Nr 16 page 8 (pdf page 133) - closure of Max Pinczower's buiness;
Rudolf Hugo Moos: Journey of Hope and Despair Volume 1, ISBN 978-1-4500-3537-8;
Address books for Berlin (1799-1943);
Gazeta Urzędowa Województwa Śląskiego, 1927, R. 6, nr 10;
Powstaniec, 1939, R. 13, nr 5;
Śląskie Wiadomości Gospodarcze, 1936, R. 13, nr 22 - Salamander advertisement: page 13;
Mississippi Department of Archives and History - notes on Borinski collection;
ms.gov - 1979 interview with Ernst Borinski;
sbc.org.pl - Polonia, 1928, R. 5, nr 136.
sbc.org.pl - Polonia, 1928, R. 5, nr 19;
jewishgen.org - List of Jews deported from Beuthen (Bytom), Upper Silesia;
muzeum-miejskie-zabrze.pl - Elias Borinski.
This record was last updated on 01/07/2017 at 15:44