Merkel's name is linked to Gassmann family members in several sources: in one he is married to Hanschel Gassmann and father of Pinkus, in another he is married to Ester Gassmann and father of Adolph. I assume that both sources refer to the same Merkel, but this is not yet certain.
Since Ester and Hanschel are of the first generation to be born with the Gassmann surname in the region, and only one person in the region - Fabian-Feibusch Gassmann - is known to have adopted the Gassmann surname in the previous generation I assume that Hanschel is a daughter of Fabian-Feibusch Gassmann. For reasons discussed below, I believe that Ester's maiden name may not be Gassmann.
However, the picture is confused by an entry in the Gleiwitz Jewish registers recording the 1838 marriage of a Wolf Apt aged 24 years from Lublinitz to Babette Gassmann aged 23 years from Langendorf. The record names the parents of Wolf as the late Merkel Apt and Ernestine geb. Majud, widow of Apt, now married to Ring; Babette's parents are named as Loebel Gassmann and Rebek. geb Epstein. The source of the record is an attestation provided by the officiating rabbi. Kaethe Danziger (geb. Halberstaedter) records the children of Adolph Apt in Lublinitz and Bertha Gassmann from Langendorf, noting the latter was born about 1816, and the similarities between these two couples (Wolf Apt and Babette Gassmann, Adolph Apt and Bertha Gassmann) warrant closer examination.
While multiple marriages between children of the same two families is not unusual, there is significant evidence that the two couples may in fact be one. But this would leave a discrepancy concerning Wolf/Adoph's mother.
Until this discrepancy can be resolved, the 1838 marriage cannot be attributed unambiguously to Adolph and Bertha; rather, it may reveal an otherwise unknown sibling of Bertha and a more distant relative of Adolph.
Regardless of whether there were one, two or three contemporary Merkel Apts in the area, and whether his (or their) wives were sisters, we know that his (or their) sons Pinkus and Adolph (as well as Wolf-who-may-be-Adolph) married the eldest daughters of Fabian-Feibusch Gassmann's son Loebel Gassmann.
Adolph's father lived in Himmelwitz at the time that Adolph's birth was attested (1834); however in the same year as Adolph was born (1814) a Merkel Apt was registered as a resident of Langendorf, the home of the Gassmann family.
My 4 x great grandfather.
Sources (click here for generic source information)
MT - husband of Hanschel Gassmann, father of Pinkus;
Adolph's birth certificate - names parents as Merkel and Ester Gassmann;
Kaethe Danziger (geb. Halberstaedter)’s "Bertha Gassmann" notes - marriage of Adolph Apt to Bertha Gassmann;
jewishgen.org - The GerSIG Name Adoption List Index (NALDEX).
This record was last updated on 11/12/2021 at 15:30